Standard Of The Month
Bureau of Indian Standards, under LITD 28 Smart Infrastructure Sectional Committee, recently published a series of ICT standards on different aspects of Smart Cities. A brief description of the standards is given below.
1. IS 18002 (Part 1):2021
Unified Digital Infrastructure — Data Layer Part 1 Reference Architecture
This Standard describes the data layer reference architecture that comprises the key data principles that every smart city sub-system needs to adhere to, the core capabilities required to be implemented at the city level for realizing the data layer, the functional reference model, the technology reference model and information reference model.
The Data Layer Reference Architecture is intended to be used by stakeholders such as Smart city Data Officers, Smart City CEO’s, Policy and Governance officers, Auditors and other stakeholders involved in smart city implementation to define the city’s data architecture goals and to roll out solutions adhering to the defined goals.
2. IS 18003 (Part 2):2021
Unified Data Exchange Part 2 API Specifications
This Standard defines Unified Data Exchange interface specifications. It defines a set of APIs that enables controlled and secure any-to-any exchange of all forms of public and privately owned non-personal data between data providers and consumers. The API specifications are
defined for usage over HTTP protocol only.
The standardized APIs defined in this standard help build robust application ecosystems that not only improve development cycle times but also lead to improvement in reusability and extensibility of the developed applications.
3. IS 18004 (Part 1):2021
IoT System Part 1 Reference Architecture
This Indian Standard describes the Internet of Things (IoT) Reference Architecture, that comprises IoT Concept Model, IoT Reference Models (Domain based IoT reference model, Entity based IoT reference model) and IoT Deployment Views.
IoT Concept Model and Reference models elaborate the interactions between various entities, both digital and non-digital.
The Standard is useful for anyone involved in the design, development, deployment, and implementation or certification of an IoT device, network or application ecosystem. This standard can serve as a template for both the city administrators and those who are the consumers of such IoT and ICT based solutions, as well as the IoT and ICT solution providers who develop and deploy such solutions.
4. IS 18006 (Part 1):2021
Municipal Governance Part 1 Reference Architecture
This Indian standard defines the reference architecture and models for Municipal Governance in Urban Local Bodies (ULBs). The reference architecture includes business reference model, technology reference model and information reference model.
This standard addresses stakeholders expectations for efficient municipal operations as well as to enable equitable service delivery to citizens. The cities or municipal corporations can also use this standard as a guide to compare their current initiatives and functionalities.
5. IS 18006 (Part 3/Sec 1):2021
Municipal Governance Part 3 Property Tax Section 1 Taxonomy
This Indian standard provides a unified view of the Property Tax in a municipal corporation and introduces common and widely accepted terminologies and definitions that can be used across multiple systems.
The standard will help review and categorise Municipal Governance Property Tax, to map and define common processes, stakeholders and reports. This standard can be used to analyze current city domain models, processes and reports & KPIs. Property Tax Taxonomy will also be used in developing Data Models and API Definitions as well as for creating metadata specifications. Together these standards will ensure semantic and syntactic interoperability among e-Governance systems in India.
6. IS 18008 (Part 1):2021
Smart Cities — GIS Part 1 Reference Architecture
This Indian standard describes the Enterprise GIS reference architecture that comprises the functional architecture, technical reference model, and information reference model of the enterprise GIS. It will provide a conceptual GIS architecture, application use cases and functionalities for spatial decision making. Functional requirements are provided to guide the cities in usability of the GIS. The use cases will guide the city in understanding the GIS applicability in a standardized way.
Implementation of these standards will ensure a harmonized, secure, and sustainable Digital infrastructure to facilitate interoperability between systems, processes and platforms in the diverse multi-vendor, multi-network and multi-service environment that exists in the smart cities. These standards will also help in bringing down the cost of implementation of the Smart City projects to a great extent.