Standard Of The Week
IS 12647:2021 Solid Waste Management Collection Equipment ― Requirements and Guidelines
Solid waste management (SWM) consists of various stages, such as segregation, collection, transportation, processing and disposal. The refuse is collected by using different equipments, such as brooms, carts and dustbins. Dustbins at community level namely ‘community dustbins’ serves as an intermediate storage of solid wastes and from which the refuse is transported to processing or disposal site. Generally, ‘house to house’ collection is adopted, namely, collection vehicle goes to every house and collects the refuse. Level of public awareness to the importance of solid waste management is quite appreciable and hence the citizens expect still better services. In order to give better services, civil service agencies expect more cooperation from the citizens. For this purpose, bye-laws and guidelines are framed to ensure a sanitary and hygienic process of segregation, collection, transportation, processing and disposal.
This standard was first published in 1989. In 2021 version, mobile containers for transferring swept refuse from generation points to ‘community dustbin’ and primary storage bins for storage of waste at household level have been included. Besides providing guidelines related to collection equipment used in the solid waste management, this standard also covers requirements relevant to them. For collection of refuse, different types of brooms like long handled brooms, broom without handle, brooms made of bamboo strips have been prescribed in the standard. Similarly, different types of collections receptacles like basket, spade, steel pans, hand carts, mobile containers and storage receptacles like primary storage bins, community dustbins are also prescribed in the standard.